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Canals Information:

1. Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is a constructed waterway that links the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans across the Isthmus of Panama. The Canal was completed in August 1914 is one of the most strategic artificial waterways in the world. It is 40 miles long from the shoreline to shoreline and is owned and administered by Panama. Ships can cross going in either direction and it takes about 10 hours to get from one side to the other side. Ships from any country are treated equally with respect to that the conditions of passage and tolls. Before the Panama Canal was built the ships traveling between the East and West coasts of the American continents had to go around the Cape Horn in South America a voyage that was some 8,000 nautical miles longer than going through the canal and that took about two months to complete. All the journeys between the Atlantic ocean and the Pacific oceans are shortened by thousands of nautical miles by going through the canal. Ships that are sailing between Europe and East Asia or else Australia can save as much as 2,000 nautical miles (3,700 km) by using the canal.

2. Suez Canal

It links the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Seamaking it the shortest maritime route to Asia from Europe. It is in Egypt and is 193.30 km long, 24 m deep and 205 metres wide.Because of its strategic location, the canal is both heavily used and heavily protected.Since its completion in 1869, it has become one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes.Before the Suez Canal large quantities of raw materials, as well as the finished goods, were sent from India to the UK and the ships would travel via the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa, which is a very long route. As the opening of the Suez Canal in the year 1869, the distance between India and UK ports was shortened by approximately 6450 kilometres and this resulted in shortening the voyage time.Since its completion in 1869, it has become one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes.

3. Kiel Canal

Kiel Canal lies between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea ports. It is in Germany and is 98.26 km long from Brunsbüttel (on the North Sea, at the mouth of the Elbe River) to Holtenau (at Kiel Harbour on the Baltic Sea). The canal has been enlarged twice and is today 160 metres wide and 11 metres deep and is spanned by seven high-level bridges that have about 43 metres of clearance for ships beneath them. Kiel canal is ranked among the world’s three major canals with the Suez and Panama Canals. The Kiel Canal is known to be one of the most travelled shipping lanes worldwide. Kiel canal constitutes as one of the safest, most convenient, shortest, as well as one of the cheapest shipping routes between the two seas.

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